Marigold

Botanical name: Calendula officinalis
Dutch: Goudsbloem, German: Ringelblume, French: Souci
Sunflower family Compositae




General description


Marigold (Calendula officinalis) is a hardy, one-year plant. The plant flowers from June till September (sometimes yet longer) with orange/ yellow disk flowers of 4 up to 7 cm diameter. The flowers have at the end of their flower leaves with three teeth.

Calendula officinalis whole plant

The leaves are green, hairy, and have peddle like form. The leaves are whole side. The stems of marigold are green, subdivides juicy, angular, and covers with her. The plant can become between 30 and 50 cm high.

The seed of marigold is beige, 5 mm long, formed as an apostrophe with a knobbly backs bone.
Marigold seed deadhead

Cultivate Marigold yourself.

Place.
Choose for marigold a sunny spot.
Soil.
Marigold grows the best on fine loam soil however it can grow on the most soils, except if there stands too much water.
Multiply.
Sow the seed in the spring, this can to spot or hoard.
Culture.
Plant marigold from on 30 up 45 cm.



Calendula officinalis flowers



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History


Marigold is one of the most multi-purpose herbs. It is popular as a cheerful garden flower, round its cosmetic and culinary applications, as a paint plant and because of be many therapeutic qualities.
Because this hardy one-year plant the whole year through appears to flower, got they the botanical name Calendula. Candendula has been diverted indicates by the Latin word "Calenda" what each first day of the month. The name gives thus at that the plant on the first day of each month flowers.
The old Egyptians valued the plant already because of her rejuvenating qualities. In Europe the plant is used long in soups and stews and round butter and cheese to colour. In American civil wars, physicians used wound to treat on the battlefield the marigold open with.
Marigold is also associated with the saint virgin Maria. In England is the plant with queen Mary associated in the 17e century. That is why the English name is also "Marigold".

Marigold with bumblebee



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Applications


Decorative.

Dry flower leaves colour at melanges to give.

Housekeeping.

Cook the flowers for a dull yellow paint matter.

Cosmetics.

Join the flower leaves closed at creams and a bath for cleaning, cure and the softer make of the skin.
Click here to read how you self creams make.

Medicinal.

As a medical herb, one uses the (dried) flowers.

Working and character.
Strengthens the defence, antiseptic, blood set pen, inflammations brake, anti-fungal, detoxifying, cramp relaxing, wound whole.

External.
- The best means against skin problems, with name lit wounds, winter hands and rash.
- Use the tincture by all possible painful and lit spots and mould infections.
- Use the cream by rash, varicose veins, rough skin, painful anus, sprue and as a lip ointment.
- The oil-extract Use by dry rash.
- A marigold compress helps by inflammations. Make a compress of gold flowertea or tincture for lit spots on the skin, painful nipples and painful eyes.

There are many cremes of marigold available Calendulan Creme of VSM is one example.


Internal.
- Use a strong tea or a diluted tincture as a spool means by painful gums and throat pain
- Take the tea or tincture by swollen lymph glands, childhood diseases, lit almonds, gastritis, gall-bladder problems, painful menstruations, cellulites and after operations.
- Use it with comfrey by deformities and stomach ulcers and with sage against flu.

Quantity.
Use to your wish. By childhood diseases each two hour a half head tea of three or four flowers pulled in a head boiling water.

For compresses, a handful let pull am called water of flowers 15 minutes in 6 decilitre.

Applications with ethereal oil.

The ethereal oil of marigold is not everywhere available, because the flowers yield only small quantities of oil. Because of that often a marigold oil extract is used instead. It can be mixed well with the most flower and citrus fruit oils.



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Chemical properties


In the plant present matters.

Ethereal oil (little ), bitters matter (calenduline), Carotene, Flavonoids (chlorogeniene acid, quercitine glycosides with rutine, narcissi), Mucilage, Pentacyclic alcohols (arnidoil, brain, calenduladiol, erythrodiol, faradol, heliantriol C and F, longispinogenine, ursatriol), Saponins, Sterols.



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Precautions


Do not mix up marigold with Tagetes-kinds! These flowers (among them African marigolds) have other properties and may not be used internal.
The most ethereal oils cannot be taken in without risk.



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Culinary


Flower.

The flower leaves liberally round a saffron colour and a something do not use to give sharp taste (that of saffron) at rice, fish and meat soups, soft cheese, yogurt, butter, omelettes, milk dishes, cakes and sweet breads. Join 1 teaspoon (5 cc) flower leaves closed at fish and roast game. Garnish pâté and fruit salads with good flower leaves.


Leaf.

Scatter the leaf through salads and stews.



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Other variants


There are different ornamentals of marigold. "Orange King" (height 40 cm) and "Ball's Lung Orange" (height 70 cm) are beautiful, strong cut variants, just as "Rays or Sunshine" has colour that beautiful mixed (of yellow till dark orange).



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Remaining images


Here a number of impressions / photographs of marigold (Calendula officinalis) are shown.


Calendula officinalis flower Marigold with a bee

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[1]. Britton, Jade & Kircher, Tamara; - Herbal Remedies - First edition; Marshall Editions (1998). ISBN 1840280719
[2]. Bremness, Lesley;- The Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Growing and Using Herbs - Fifth edition; Studio (1994). ISBN 0140238026
[3]. Shaw, Non; - Herbalism: An Illustrated Guide - First edition; Element Books Ltd. (2000). ISBN 1862042241
[4]. Dr. C. Norman Shealy; - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Healing Remedies - First edition; Element Books Ltd. (2000). ISBN 186204516X
[5]. Rüdt, U.; - Therapeutic and poisonous plants - First edition; Zutphen:
B. V. W. J. Thieme & Cie (1973). ISBN 90-03 94630 , 2



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