Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis
Dutch: Rozemarijn, German: Rosmarin, French: Romarin
Mint family Labiatae




General description

Rosemary is a wood like always green and hardy bush with small blue white of flowers.
Rosemary flowers

The narrow needle like leaf is at the top dark green and at the bottom white.

Rosemary leaf top
Rosmarinus officinalis leaf underside
The stem is approximately square and wooded from the second year.
The plant grows in subdivided bundles and becomes approximately 1 to 2 meters high.

Rosemary branchRosemary plant

Cultivate Rosemary yourself.
The plant comes from the countries around the Mediterranean Sea, but thrives in moderate and warm climates, on sunny places in not too damp lime soil. The soil must be good drained. On lime soil, Rosemary gets smaller but will smells more.
Rosemary can form hedges, but old plants may not be strongly cut back. The seeds of Rosemary are yellow brown, greasy and small. Sow in spring in a hothouse or outside in the summer. The germination is irregular. To germinate the seed needs at least 21 ° C.
The best manner to multiply Rosemary is via cuttings or layer-outs. Cuttings through in August want to slip to take and with or without cutting powder in cutting ground set.
Replant Rosemary as they are large enough to handle, on 60 to 90 cm from each other. The plant can be cultivated indoors in a bin on a sunny place.



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History

The Latin name Rosmarinus comes from the words Ros = dew, and marinus = from sea.
Already since human memory this herb is used by cooks and pharmacists.

Rosemary is an old means for the reinforcement of the memory and is a symbol for friendship and fidelity. Rosemary hung together with do not forget: one gave branches at pleased that went on trip, carried wreaths by weddings and planted bushes on cemeteries.

The distilled liquid from Rosemary flowers was in Europe a loved beauties means by jumble (head) skin problems. It became processed also in soothing ointments.
Bouquets with fragrant herbs (among which Rosemary) became used as protections means against illnesses and epidemics. In the past times, the resinous Rosemary was burnt to clean the air.

The Spaniards glorified Rosemary as bush that the Virgin Maria offered shelter by her flight to Egypt. When she spread out her coat over the herb, the white flowers changed in blue.



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Applications

Decorative.
The branches of Rosemary offers a fragrant "skeleton" when it is interweaved in wreaths and guirlanders.


Housekeeping.
Rosemary flowers in the linen cupboard drives away moths. Through the wash above a Rosemary bush to dry, pulls there the moths drive away aroma in.
Place fresh branches of Rosemary in a space the air to refresh.
Boil during 10 minutes a hand full Rosemary leaf to get through a half litter water of an antiseptic solution for in the bathroom.
Wrap around barbecue pen with stems of Rosemary.


Cosmetic.
Rosemary leaf in a bath stimulates the blood circulation. Use the leaf in a face steam bath.
Make there a rinse of the leaves for gloomily her.


Medicinal.
The leaf and the ethereal oil collected during and after the blooming period are used as a medicine.

Rosmarinus officinalis branch with flowers

Working and character.
Stimulates the blood circulation, strengthening for nerves, antiseptic and anti-flatulence.

External.
By hair loss and problems with the head skin.
As a gargle drink by throat pain. Useful replacement for sage during the pregnancy.
As an oil extract for massage of cold sorrow measures and habits and jellyfishes.
As a disinfectant (antiseptic) against inflammations.

Internal.
By bad blood circulation, cold feet and habits by hardly again, regularly take in.
By radiating joints habits
By headache that paired goes with digestion (light stomach pain) and by migraine.
Take Rosemary with chamomile for stress-related headaches.
By depressiveness, bad memory, dizziness and tendency to faint.
By neuralgia.
By low blood pressure.
By hyperactivities.
For deficient appetite, gallstones and inflamed gall-bladder.
By hair loss and problems with the head skin.
Good as inhale by blocked and inflamed paranasal sinuses.
Good blood moving up to the head improves the memory and promotes healthy and strongly her.
The drinking of two head Rosemary tea per day prevents hair outburst through bad blood circulation and accelerates the hair growth after chemotherapy.


Applications with ethereal oil.
Has influence on a weak digestion, a blown up feeling, neuralgic habits and known to stimulate the blood circulation. This is caused because it has a blood stopping working and it widens the tissue that gets treated with it. It has a cheerful influence on older men.
The oil is obtained by water vapour distillation by the fresh blossoming tops. The oil is colourless to light yellow and has a strong, spicy, balsam like smell. A less quality oil is distilled in Spain from the entire plant. This oil has a strong chamfer like smell.
Rosemary is used a lot in many foods as a taste matter, especially meat products. It is a natural anti-oxidant. Rosemary is also lovely for use in the sauna.
Rosemary is to be used take by o. a. acne, eczema, head rose, oily hair, hair outburst,, tired constipation, muscles, clergyman tiredness, low blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, heart palpitations, flu, infections, cold, nerve pain, intestine infections, dizziness, diabetes, painful menstruation, migraine, muscle pain, gout, bruises, cough, cold, tiredness, joints pain, stress, cold hands and feet, spit.
Often the working of an ethereal oil can get stronger when combined with other ethereal oils.

Here some applications of the ethereal oil of Rosemary follow.

For dry hair.
2 to 3 drops Rosemary mix with the furrow the washing required quantity mild shampoo.

For swollen ankles and bruises.
Mix 5 to 7 drops Rosemary with a tablespoon St. Johnís wort-oil and massage with this the painful spots.

For joint pain, muscle pain and nerve pain.
6 to 12 drops Rosemary mix with 3 tablespoons Notes oil and with this mixture 2 time daily the joints massage. Do not go for the unpleasant bed.

For stress and overfatigue.
30 to 40 drops Rosemary mix with a little bit milk or honey, this mixture in a not too warm bath do and approximately 20 minutes bathe.

Evaporate.
6 drops Rosemary in the aroma lamp refresh the memory and clarify the mind. Promote the good sense and raise the concentration be in a position to. Ideal for to study. Rosemary helps border to put try also as others to push standards and landlords on.

If you of the mornings tired and sleepily are mix then 1 drop Rosemary, 2 drops Petitgrain and 1 drop Grapefruit with a little bit unperfumed douche gel and make this foamy on a sponge. Do not divide this good over the body and shower already too warmly. You are then fast calliper rule.


An example of available ethereal oil is the Rosemary oil of the brand Jacob Hooy.



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Chemical properties

In the plant present compounds.
Ethereal oil (mean constituent: camphene, camphor, cineool and borneol), Resin, bitters matter
Rosemary acid (has anti-inflammation effect) and Flavonoids.

Flavonoids:
6-methoxygenkwanine, Apigenine (has anti-inflammation effect), Diosmetine, Diosmine, Genkwanine, Hispiduline, Luteoline, Sinensetine

Di- and Triterpenoids:
Carnosolic acid, Picrosalvine, Rosmariquinone, Oleanolic acid, Ursolic acid (has anti-inflammation effect)

Active compounds in the Ethereal oil.
Monoterpenoids:
alpha-pinene 12%, beta-pinene, camphene 22%, mycrene 1.5%, alpha-phellandrene, beta-phellandrene, limonene 0.5-2%, alpha and y-terpinene, paracymene 2%

Sesquiterpenoids:
beta-caryophyllene 3%

Monoterpenols:
linalool 0.5-1%, terpine-1-ol-4, a-terpineol 1.5%, borneol 3-5%, isoborneol, cis-thuyanol-4, trans-thuyanol-4, p-cymene-8-ol

Terpenic esters:
bornyl-acetate, a-phenchyl-acetate

Terpenic acids:
1,8-cineol 30%, caryophyllene-oxide, humulene-epoxide I and II

Not terpenic cetons:
3-hexanon, methyl-heptenon

Monoterpenons:
camphor 30%, verbenon, carvon 0,4%



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Precautions

Rosemary can intensify migraine when you take it during an attack. Take it only preventively.
For high blood pressure only use in a low quantity, dilute by preference the herb, or the oil quite strongly, make for example a dilutions of 2%.
By sensitivity to epilepsy and in the first months of the pregnancy also caution is taken when applied internally. External use, evaporate, compresses, use on the skin and culinary use is safe.
For use on the skin always first smear a little bit on the inside of the elbow.
If after 24 hour there is no irritation, rash, burning feeling, etc then it can be used on the skin.
Quantity internal: 2-3 times daily 2 drops.
Do not use immediately in the eyes!
The most ethereal oils cannot be taken in without risk. Use ethereal exclusive internal oil when you have sufficient knowledge or consult a (homeopathic) physician. In general however the working by external use is stronger than by internal use.



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Culinary

Flower.
Mix fresh Rosemary in salads.
Confute for garnering.
Mix Rosemary with sugar and whipped cream and join it closed at mashed fruit.

Leaf.
Join a little bit closed at a scale of meat dishes.
Use Rosemary baked potatoes on taste to bring and to make herb butter.
Rosemary it is almost indispensable by lamb in combination with garlic.
Also used in tomatoes sauces for the pastes.
And in salads in very small quantities.



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Other variants

Rosmarinus officinalis "Albus"
Hardy, white flowers, sometimes with lavender like veins.

Rosmarinus officinalis "Majorca blink"
Half hardy, bright pink flowers, clear green leaf.

Rosmarinus of officinalis "Miss Jessup's upright"
Hardy, white flowers, orderly, vertical growth manner. This kind is often used as a hedge.

Rosmarinus officinalis "Prostratus"
A sensitive pending (creeping) kind with bright blue flowers and more fine leaves.

Rosmarinus officinalis "Sever sea"
Half-hanging, hardy, cultivated, middle blue flowers, fine leaves on arched branches.

Rosmarinus officinalis "Suffolk blue"
Hardy, clearly sky-blue flowers.



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Remaining images

Here a number of impressions / photographs of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) are shown.

Rosmarinus officinalis whole plant Rosmarinus officinalis branches

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[1]. Bremness, Lesley;- The Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Growing and Using Herbs - Fifth edition; Studio (1994). ISBN 0140238026
[2]. Shaw, Non; - Herbalism: An Illustrated Guide - First edition; Element Books Ltd. (2000). ISBN 1862042241
[3]. Dr. C. Norman Shealy; - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Healing Remedies - First edition; Element Books Ltd. (2000). ISBN 186204516X
[4]. Rüdt, U.; - Therapeutic and poisonous plants - First edition; Zutphen: B. V. W. J. Thieme & Cie (1973). ISBN 90-03 94630 , 2



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